PHBC January 11& 18, 1998
Series: First Peter, Ser. #37 & 38
PILGRIMS ARE BLESSED IN HAVING A
Scripture: I Pet. 2:20-25
TEXT: 1 Peter 2:24 Who his own self bare our
sins in his own body on the tree, that we, being dead to sins, should live unto
righteousness: by whose stripes ye were healed.
INTRO: Though we know nothing is ever incidental in
the word of God, it seems almost incidental that Peter mentions to those to whom
this epistle is addressed the example of Christ for a model in suffering. But,
having mentioned him he is compelled to clarify and magnify the nature of
The Holy Spirit and Peter would not have us look on
Christ or his death as a mere example, though he was a great example and one
which we should seek to follow. But, never stop in your consideration of the
death of Christ as an example only. There have been those in history, and
Baptists among them, who have denied the absolute necessity of the death of
Christ, teaching that his life was merely and exemplary life and his death
merely and model death. Oh, but it was much more than that and Peter is quick to
assure us of that fact.
In this message I want us to look at this passage
and consider the subject, Pilgrims Are Blessed In Having A Great Substitute.
There are several things about the death of Christ
that are found in this passage. We will notice first that Our Great
Substitute Was A Sinless Substitute. Second we will see that Our Great
Substitute Was A Willing Substitute. Third, we will consider that Our
Great Substitute Was A Personal Substitute. Fourth, and finally, we will
observe that Our Great Substitute Was A Compassionate Substitute.
He quietly endured the verbal abuse which men heaped on him. 1
Peter 2:23 Who, when he was reviled, reviled not again; when he
suffered, he threatened not; but committed himself to him that judgeth
- OUR GREAT SUBSTITUTE WAS A SINLESS SUBSTITUTE
- He did no sin. 1 Peter 2:22 Who did no sin.
- Have you considered the magnitude of that statement? He did
- Though he was made in the likeness of sinful flesh, he did no
sin. Romans 8:3 For what the law could not do, in that it was
weak through the flesh, God sending his own Son in the likeness of
sinful flesh, and for sin, condemned sin in the flesh.
- Though every other man ever born of woman had sinned, he did no
sin. Romans 3:23 For all have sinned, and come short of the glory
- Though he was made sin for us, he did no sin. 2 Corinthians
5:21 For he hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we
might be made the righteousness of God in him.
- Though he was often accused of being a sinner, he did no sin.
John 9:24 Then again called they the man that was blind, and said
unto him, Give God the praise: we know that this man is a sinner.
- Though he was numbered with the transgressors, he did no sin.
Mark 15:27-28 And with him they crucify two thieves; the one on his
right hand, and the other on his left. 28 And the scripture was
fulfilled, which saith, And he was numbered with the transgressors.
- Though he bore our sin, he did no sin. Hebrews 9:28 So Christ
was once offered to bear the sins of many; and unto them that look
for him shall he appear the second time without sin unto salvation.
- No guile was found in his mouth. 1 Peter 2:22 . . . neither was
guile found in his mouth.
- The word translated guile means deceitóJesus never used
deceit of any kind in his teaching and preaching to get men to
- One characteristic of false teachers is that they are deceitful.
2 Timothy 3:13 But evil men and seducers shall wax worse and
worse, deceiving, and being deceived.
- Sin is deceitful and he did no sin so it follows that no guile
was in his mouth. Romans 7:11 For sin, taking occasion by the
commandment, deceived me, and by it slew me.
- He did not deceive people with rosy promises. Matthew
16:24-25 Then said Jesus unto his disciples, If any man will come
after me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross, and follow
me. 25 For whosoever will save his life shall lose it: and whosoever
will lose his life for my sake shall find it.
- He did not teach an easy-believism as many do but taught that
one cannot come to him unless drawn by the Holy Spirit. John 6:44
No man can come to me, except the Father which hath sent me draw
him: and I will raise him up at the last day.
The word translated reviled in this verse means "to reproach,
rail at, revile, heap abuse upon."
He did not even open his mouth to utter a reproach upon those
who were persecuting him. Isaiah 53:7 He was oppressed, and he
was afflicted, yet he opened not his mouth: he is brought as a lamb
to the slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is dumb, so he
openeth not his mouth.
Men did severely revile him. Matthew 27:39-44 And they that
passed by reviled him, wagging their heads, 40 And saying, Thou that
destroyest the temple, and buildest it in three days, save thyself.
If thou be the Son of God, come down from the cross. 41 Likewise
also the chief priests mocking him, with the scribes and elders,
said, 42 He saved others; himself he cannot save. If he be the King
of Israel, let him now come down from the cross, and we will believe
him. 43 He trusted in God; let him deliver him now, if he will have
him: for he said, I am the Son of God. 44 The thieves also, which
were crucified with him, cast the same in his teeth.
And though he could have called legions of angels to protect him
and destroy those who reviled him he reviled not again. Matthew
26:53-54 Thinkest thou that I cannot now pray to my Father, and he
shall presently give me more than twelve legions of angels? 54 But
how then shall the scriptures be fulfilled, that thus it must be?
When Herod hammered him with questions, he spoke not a word even
though there were those standing by who were vehemently accusing
him. Luke 23:9-10 Then he questioned with him in many words; but
he answered him nothing. 10 And the chief priests and scribes stood
and vehemently accused him.
Jesus quietly endured the contradiction of sinners. Hebrews
12:3 For consider him that endured such contradiction of sinners
against himself, lest ye be wearied and faint in your minds.
Lest we forget, I would remind you that Peter is laying out the
example of Christ in this for us to follow. How Christ-like are you
in this area? Can you endure the contradiction of sinners without
responding in kind?
The sinlessness of our great Substitute is repeatedly set forth in
We are so very blessed that we have a sinless substitute.
OUR GREAT SUBSTITUTE WAS A WILLING SUBSTITUTE
- Isaiah affirmed it in the gospel he preached. Isaiah 53:9 And
he made his grave with the wicked, and with the rich in his death;
because he had done no violence, neither was any deceit in his
- After having betrayed Jesus, Judas confessed him to be innocent.
Matthew 27:4 Saying, I have sinned in that I have betrayed the
innocent blood. And they said, What is that to us? see thou to that.
- Pilateís wife confirmed his sinlessness as the result of a dream
she had. Matthew 27:19 When he was set down on the judgment seat,
his wife sent unto him, saying, Have thou nothing to do with that
just man: for I have suffered many things this day in a dream
because of him.
- Pilate himself affirmed the sinlessness of Christ. Matthew
27:23-24 And the governor said, Why, what evil hath he done? But
they cried out the more, saying, Let him be crucified. 24 When
Pilate saw that he could prevail nothing, but that rather a tumult
was made, he took water, and washed his hands before the multitude,
saying, I am innocent of the blood of this just person: see ye to
- The penitent thief confirmed the sinless nature of the dying
Christ. Luke 23:41 And we indeed justly; for we receive the due
reward of our deeds: but this man hath done nothing amiss.
- The centurion who was charged with the oversight of his
crucifixion proclaimed the righteousness of Christ. Luke 23:47
Now when the centurion saw what was done, he glorified God, saying,
Certainly this was a righteous man.
- Jesus invited his hearers and critics to confirm him a sinner if
they could. John 8:46 Which of you convinceth me of sin? And if I
say the truth, why do ye not believe me?
- Paul declared the sinlessness of our Substitute. 2
Corinthians 5:21 For he hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no
sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him.
- In his epistle to the Hebrews Paul again affirmed the sinless
nature of our great Saviour and Substitute. Hebrews 4:15 For we
have not an high priest which cannot be touched with the feeling of
our infirmities; but was in all points tempted like as we are, yet
- Our sinless substitute is also our high priest and one such as
we need. Hebrews 7:26 For such an high priest became us, who is
holy, harmless, undefiled, separate from sinners, and made higher
than the heavens.
- John declared him to be without sin. 1 John 3:5 And ye know
that he was manifested to take away our sins; and in him is no sin.
OUR GREAT SUBSTITUTE WAS A PERSONAL SUBSTITUTE
- He willingly committed himself into the hands of a just God. 1
Peter 2:23 . . . but committed himself to him that judgeth righteously.
- His willingness to be our substitute was expressed by Jesus himself.
John 10:18 No man taketh it from me, but I lay it down of myself. I
have power to lay it down, and I have power to take it again. This
commandment have I received of my Father.
- His willingness to be our substitute was evident from his actions in
the garden when they came to take him. John 18:5 They answered him,
Jesus of Nazareth. Jesus saith unto them, I am he.
- His willingness is seen in his not calling for angels to deliver him
from them. Matthew 26:53-54 Thinkest thou that I cannot now pray to
my Father, and he shall presently give me more than twelve legions of
angels? 54 But how then shall the scriptures be fulfilled, that thus it
- His willingness to be our substitute is seen in Paulís declaration
to the Philippians. Philippians 2:6-8 Who, being in the form of God,
thought it not robbery to be equal with God: 7 But made himself of no
reputation, and took upon him the form of a servant, and was made in the
likeness of men: 8 And being found in fashion as a man, he humbled
himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross.
- His willingness is seen in the fact that he gave himself for us.
Titus 2:14 Who gave himself for us, that he might redeem us from all
iniquity, and purify unto himself a peculiar people, zealous of good
- His willingness to be our substitute is evident from his laying hold
of our nature that through death he could deliver us from the fear of
death. Hebrews 2:14-15 Forasmuch then as the children are partakers
of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took part of the same; that
through death he might destroy him that had the power of death, that is,
the devil; 15 And deliver them who through fear of death were all their
lifetime subject to bondage.
- His willingness is seen in his delight in doing the will of God
regardless of the personal cost. Psalm 40:8 I delight to do thy will,
O my God: yea, thy law is within my heart. Matthew 26:39 And he went a
little further, and fell on his face, and prayed, saying, O my Father,
if it be possible, let this cup pass from me: nevertheless not as I
will, but as thou wilt.
Consider again the very personal nature that Peter claims for the
substitutionary work of Christ. Who his own self bare our sin.
- The blessed fact of this great truth. 1 Peter 2:24 Who his own
self bare our sins in his own body on the tree, that we, being dead to
sins, should live unto righteousness: by whose stripes ye were healed.
- He himself, personally, bore our sins because our sins were laid
on him. Isaiah 53:6 The LORD hath laid on him the iniquity of us
- God does not impute sin to us because he imputed them to Christ
personally. Psalm 32:2 Blessed is the man unto whom the LORD
imputeth not iniquity, and in whose spirit there is no guile.
- It is because he personally bore our sins that we are justified.
Isaiah 53:11 By his knowledge shall my righteous servant justify
many; for he shall bear their iniquities.
- It is because he bore our sins and was put to death in our stead
that he is able to bring us to God. 1 Peter 3:18 For Christ also
hath once suffered for sins, the just for the unjust, that he might
bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh, but quickened by
- He was delivered for our offences. Romans 4:25 Who was
delivered for our offences, and was raised again for our
- Since Christ bore our sin, we shall not bear them.
- Our sins cannot be on Christ and on us also.
- Again this is verified by David in the verse we looked at
earlier. Psalm 32:2 Blessed is the man unto whom the LORD
imputeth not iniquity, and in whose spirit there is no guile.
- It is confirmed again by Paul. 2 Corinthians 5:19 To wit,
that God was in Christ, reconciling the world unto himself, not
imputing their trespasses unto them; and hath committed unto us
the word of reconciliation. Romans 4:6 Even as David also
describeth the blessedness of the man, unto whom God imputeth
righteousness without works.
In various nations it has been a practice that a rich man whose
son was called upon to enter the military could pay a person to
serve in his place by proxy.
This was no death by proxy, no sin bearing by proxy, he himself,
personally and alone bore our sins in his body.
Note further that the verse clearly implies that Jesus bore all our
The text also implies that Jesus alone bore our sins. 1 Peter
2:24 Who his own self bare our sins in his own body on the tree, that
we, being dead to sins, should live unto righteousness: by whose stripes
ye were healed.
- It makes no distinction as to which sins he bore; the conclusion
must be that he bore all of them.
- He cleanses from all unrighteousness. 1 John 1:9 If we
confess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us our sins,
and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.
- He gave himself to redeem us from all iniquity. Titus 2:14
Who gave himself for us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity,
and purify unto himself a peculiar people, zealous of good works.
- He cleanses from all kinds of sin. 1 Corinthians 6:9-11 Know
ye not that the unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of God? Be
not deceived: neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers,
nor effeminate, nor abusers of themselves with mankind, 10 Nor
thieves, nor covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor
extortioners, shall inherit the kingdom of God. 11 And such were
some of you: but ye are washed, but ye are sanctified, but ye are
justified in the name of the Lord Jesus, and by the Spirit of our
- This same inference is found in angelís announcement of the
coming birth of Jesus. Matthew 1:21 And she shall bring forth a
son, and thou shalt call his name JESUS: for he shall save his
people from their sins.
He enlisted the help of no other.
He has born all our sins and needs neither priest nor pope to
help him forgive sins.
Hebrews 10:14 For by one offering he hath perfected for ever
them that are sanctified.
The personal nature of Christís substitution is further seen in the
expression in his own body. 1 Peter 2:24 Who his own self bare
our sins in his own body on the tree, that we, being dead to sins,
should live unto righteousness: by whose stripes ye were healed.
It was not the body of someone else which he had assumed
temporarily; it was his own body.
It was not a body which was a mere phantasm; it was his own
It was his body which was broken for us. 1 Corinthians 11:24
And when he had given thanks, he brake it, and said, Take, eat: this
is my body, which is broken for you: this do in remembrance of me.
That it was his body is evident from his message recorded in
John 6. John 6:47-58 Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that
believeth on me hath everlasting life. 48 I am that bread of life.
49 Your fathers did eat manna in the wilderness, and are dead. 50
This is the bread which cometh down from heaven, that a man may eat
thereof, and not die. 51 I am the living bread which came down from
heaven: if any man eat of this bread, he shall live for ever: and
the bread that I will give is my flesh, which I will give for the
life of the world. 52 The Jews therefore strove among themselves,
saying, How can this man give us his flesh to eat? 53 Then Jesus
said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Except ye eat the
flesh of the Son of man, and drink his blood, ye have no life in
you. 54 Whoso eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, hath eternal
life; and I will raise him up at the last day. 55 For my flesh is
meat indeed, and my blood is drink indeed. 56 He that eateth my
flesh, and drinketh my blood, dwelleth in me, and I in him. 57 As
the living Father hath sent me, and I live by the Father: so he that
eateth me, even he shall live by me. 58 This is that bread which
came down from heaven: not as your fathers did eat manna, and are
dead: he that eateth of this bread shall live for ever.
The personal nature of Christís substitution is further revealed in
the fact that it is by his stripes that we are healed. 1 Peter 2:24 .
. . by whose stripes ye were healed.
This was revealed by God to Isaiah. Isaiah 53:4-5 Surely he
hath borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows: yet we did esteem
him stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted. 5 But he was wounded
for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities: the
chastisement of our peace was upon him; and with his stripes we are
When they scourged him it was for our healing. Matthew 27:26
Then released he Barabbas unto them: and when he had scourged Jesus,
he delivered him to be crucified.
Before leaving this point let me point out also that the personal
substitution of Christ was for certain people personally.
OUR GREAT SUBSTITUTE WAS A COMPASSIONATE SUBSTITUTE
- He bore our sins Peter says to a chosen people. 1 Peter 2:9
But ye are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation,
a peculiar people; that ye should shew forth the praises of him who
hath called you out of darkness into his marvellous light. 1 Peter
1:2 Elect according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through
sanctification of the Spirit, unto obedience and sprinkling of the
blood of Jesus Christ: Grace unto you, and peace, be multiplied.
- He came to save HIS PEOPLE from their sins. Matthew
1:21 And she shall bring forth a son, and thou shalt call his name
JESUS: for he shall save his people from their sins.
- He gave his life for his sheep. John 10:15 As the Father
knoweth me, even so know I the Father: and I lay down my life for
- He rendered satisfaction for his seed. Isaiah 53:10 Yet it
pleased the LORD to bruise him; he hath put him to grief: when thou
shalt make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see his seed, he
shall prolong his days, and the pleasure of the LORD shall prosper
in his hand.
- He secured eternal life for all those given to him by the
Father. John 17:2 As thou hast given him power over all flesh,
that he should give eternal life to as many as thou hast given him.
- He was delivered up for all of his elect. Romans 8:32-33 He
that spared not his own Son, but delivered him up for us all, how
shall he not with him also freely give us all things? 33 Who shall
lay any thing to the charge of God's elect? It is God that
- Of course this comes right after other declarations of Paul
which narrow the objects of Godís everlasting love down to the
elect. Romans 8:28-31 And we know that all things work together
for good to them that love God, to them who are the called according
to his purpose. 29 For whom he did foreknow, he also did
predestinate to be conformed to the image of his Son, that he might
be the firstborn among many brethren. 30 Moreover whom he did
predestinate, them he also called: and whom he called, them he also
justified: and whom he justified, them he also glorified. 31 What
shall we then say to these things? If God be for us, who can be
- He is the shepherd of our souls. 1 Peter 2:25 For ye were as
sheep going astray; but are now returned unto the Shepherd and Bishop of
- He is the great shepherd who shed the blood of the everlasting
covenant. Hebrews 13:20 Now the God of peace, that brought again from
the dead our Lord Jesus, that great shepherd of the sheep, through the
blood of the everlasting covenant.
- He is the good shepherd of the sheep. John 10:11 I am the good
shepherd: the good shepherd giveth his life for the sheep. John 10:14 I
am the good shepherd, and know my sheep, and am known of mine.
- He is the good shepherd who must bring all his sheep into the fold.
John 10:16 And other sheep I have, which are not of this fold: them
also I must bring, and they shall hear my voice; and there shall be one
fold, and one shepherd.
- He is the good shepherd who seeks goes and finds the one lost sheep
and brings him safely home. Luke 15:4-5 What man of you, having an
hundred sheep, if he lose one of them, doth not leave the ninety and
nine in the wilderness, and go after that which is lost, until he find
it? 5 And when he hath found it, he layeth it on his shoulders,
- He is the great Bishop of our souls.
- A bishop watches over the souls of his people. Hebrews 13:17
Obey them that have the rule over you, and submit yourselves: for
they watch for your souls, as they that must give account, that they
may do it with joy, and not with grief: for that is unprofitable for
- A bishop guards his flock against wolves of false doctrine.
Acts 20:28-31 Take heed therefore unto yourselves, and to all the
flock, over the which the Holy Ghost hath made you overseers, to
feed the church of God, which he hath purchased with his own blood.
29 For I know this, that after my departing shall grievous wolves
enter in among you, not sparing the flock. 30 Also of your own
selves shall men arise, speaking perverse things, to draw away
disciples after them. 31 Therefore watch, and remember, that by the
space of three years I ceased not to warn every one night and day
CONC: Jesus Christ is truly a great and wonderful
substitute for his people. He is the all-sufficient substitute who has born all
our sins in his body on the tree. He has left us an example that we should
quietly and willing suffer if necessary. Because he bore our sins in his own
body, we are dead to sins and should live unto righteousness. What a wonderful
Substitute and Saviour!